NASA 1964-65 " A YEAR OF DEVELOPMENT TESTING " GEMINI & APOLLO PROGRAMS SATURN V ROCKET 68364
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This NASA film looks at achievements in advancing technology and hardware pipelines in the year of 1964-65. NASA seal (:10) Firing of the F1 engine of the 1st stage of Saturn V rocket (:24). In November and December of 1964, a series of successful static firing tests on the engines were completed (:40). Extensive development tests were in progress (1:02). The government / industry team had grown to 30,000 (1:17). Development testing for the Gemini program was nearly complete (1:22) as well as the Apollo Saturn 1 (1:29). The design for Saturn V was almost complete and sub-system development testing progressing (1:40). Apollo’s flight crew equipment inspected (1:50). The first close up shots of the Moon’s surface (2:03). NASA hq in Washington, DC (2:19). Three facilities participated; the Manned Space Craft Center in Houston, Texas, the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama (2:26), and the Kennedy Space Center in Florida (2:28). A slew of contractors across the nation -- Bethpage, New York (2:39) New Orleans, Louisiana (2:43) Sarasota, Florida (2:46) and Mesa, Arizona (2:55). The 20,000 contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers are shown as dots on a map (2:58). The Gemini program for long duration flight, rendezvous, and docking techniques had almost completed development testing (3:24). Two unmanned launches were completed (3:41) although the second was delayed due to a malfunction. It was then able to launch from the Air Force’s Eastern Test Range on January 19th, 1965 (4:03). The parachute for landing is viewed from inside the spacecraft as it reaches splash down point (4:24). The Gemini was now ready for manned space flights (4:34). The craft for the first manned mission is pictured at McDonnell Aircraft in St. Louis (4:39) and then was shipped to Cape Kennedy (4:45). Workers at McDonnell were completing final assembly and factory check outs of the next three Gemini spacecraft (4:58). The Gemini’s launch vehicle was in final assembly at the Martin Co. (5:11). The Gemini-Agena target vehicles are seen at Lockheed Aircraft facility in Sunnyvale, California (5:21). The unmanned Apollo Saturn 1 was nearly complete its development testing in 1964 (5:47) and three launches took place in the same year of the SA-5, SA-6 and SA-7 (6:01). SA-5 is seen launching (6:30). SA-6 and 7 launched Apollo test hardware into orbit totaling 19 tons (6:39). The Pegasus Meteoroid satellite is shown (7:06) with its expanded wings (7:30) to detect meteoroid size and frequency. North American and its subcontractors conducted tests such as water drops (8:21) to test parachutes. Fuel cells were tested by Pratt & Whitney in East Connecticut (8:34). Aerojet conducted static firing tests (8:44). NASA’s White Sand’s facility and the Army’s White Sands Missile Range also conducted preparations (8:57). Rocketdyne completed early testings of the J2 engine (10:02). In November, Douglas aircraft conducted the first long duration static firing test (10:55) as well as the dynamic tests of the second stage (11:23). IBM completed instrument unit sub-system tests (11:29). The dynamic test stages were erected in January (11:41). Unmanned flight tests began in 1966 (11:50). Honeywell built the stabilization control equipment (12:22) and Rocketdyne built the command module reaction control subsystem (12:24). The first Saturn 1 B launch vehicle is seen on an assembly line in the Marshal plant (12:36). Major assembly was completed by Douglas in autumn of 1964 (12:56). The Saturn V vehicle for manned lunar missions follows (13:14). Grumman Aircraft worked on the design for the lunar excursion module LEM (13:27) and tested crushable materials (13:55). Flight crew equipment is examined for lunar surface exploration (15:24) such as the portable life system support unit (15:40) and the plastic garments for protection against meteoroids (15:45). Facilities themselves were moving towards completion (16:03) including the NASA Missile test facility (16:07) and the JFK Space Center’s Apollo Launch Complex 39 (16:14). Pad A is shown and this was to be used as the launch pad for the first lunar mission (16:19). The space vehicle transporter here is the world’s largest land vehicle (16:27). The mobile launch structure (16:38) and the vehicle assembly building follow (16:44). In July, the Ranger 7 mission to take the photographs that would verify the designs for a lunar landing were completed (17:15). The first lunar landing was coming into view, still within the decade of the 1960s (17:36).
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